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Thursday, March 23, 2017

ACA has lots of tax provisions

Lots of drama on possible repeal/repair of the Affordable Care Act with the House vote postponed to Friday (March 24) (see CNBC story).  There are a lot of tax provisions in the ACA.  I'll share a list of created of them based on when they went into effect (and the Cadillac tax has not yet gone into effect). And one provision was only added in December 2016 via bi-partisan legislation!

It's a long list so I'll ask my standard question first ...

What do you think?

Affordable Care Act Provision
Effective 2010 (or 2009)
COD income exclusion for certain student loans  (effective starting 2009)
10% excise tax on indoor tanning services (started July 1)
Small business health insurance credit [ACA includes later changes such as a requirement starting in 2014 to obtain coverage through the Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) Marketplace, and that the credit is only available for two consecutive years.]
Expanded dependent coverage exclusion for employer-provided health plans until age 27
Codification of economic substance doctrine

Increase in adoption credit and exclusion increased; refundable credit; temporary
Credit for Qualifying Therapeutic Discovery Projects (2009 and 2010 only)
Disclosure allowed for certain information to Health and Human Services for the Premium Tax Credit and cost-sharing
Effective 2011
W-2 reporting of cost of employer-provided health insurance (postponed for all employers for 2011 and indefinitely for employers who issued less than 250 Forms W-2 in the prior year) [Notice 2010-69, Notice 2012-9,  and IRS website]
SIMPLE cafeteria plans allowed for small businesses
Restricted definition of “medicine” for certain savings arrangements, such as for an Archer MSA
220, 223
Increased tax on distributions from HSA and Archer MSA
Annual fee on manufacturers and importers for certain prescription drug sales [Form 8947, Report of Branded Prescription Drug Information and Notice 2011-9]
Reg. §51.2(d)
Effective 2012
Information reporting for payments of $600 or more made to C corporations [repealed before effective, P.L. 112-9, 2/14/11]
Fee on health plans to fund Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund ($1/year, increasing later)
New requirements for §501(c)(3) hospitals
Effective 2013
Increase in Hospital Insurance tax (additional 0.9%) for high income individuals
New tax of 3.8% on unearned income of high income individuals, estates and trusts (net investment income tax)
Increase in medical expense deduction threshold to 10% of AGI unless age 65 or older
Salary reduction contributions to health FSA capped at $2,500 (adjusted for inflation after 2013)
Limit on deduction of certain excessive employee remuneration paid by certain health insurance providers
§139A, Federal subsidies for prescription drug plans, changed as follows: “Gross income shall not include any special subsidy payment received under section 1860D-22 of the Social Security Act. This section shall not be taken into account for purposes of determining whether any deduction is allowable with respect to any cost taken into account in determining such payment.”
2.3% excise tax on sales of certain medical devices [moratorium for 2016 and 2017 per P.L. 114-113 (12/18/15)]
Effective 2014
Small business health insurance credit must be offered through SHOP (exchange)
Premium Tax Credit (PTC) available to individuals who obtain coverage on an exchange and meet other eligibility criteria. [Supreme Court holds that individuals in a state without an exchange are eligible for a PTC on the federal exchange. Effect is that individuals in states without an exchange and without coverage must factor in hypothetical PTC to determine if they meet the unaffordability exemption to the individual mandate (King v Burwell, No. 14-114 (6/25/15))]
Individual mandate (penalty) applies if individual and shared responsibility family does not have coverage and does not meet an exemption [Supreme Court found this to be a permissible tax (National Federation of Independent Business, et al v. Sebelius (6/28/12)]
Employer mandate (penalty) applies if applicable large employer (ALE) does not offer coverage to full-time employees and their dependents up to age 26 (and other provisions). [IRS delays effective date to 2015 and for 2015 provides additional transitional relief. Notice 2013-45 and blog post of 7/2/13 of Assistant Treasury Secretary for Tax Policy Mark J. Mazur.]
Information reporting by exchanges, insurance providers and ALEs (Form 1095-A, 1095-B and 1095-C, respectively). [IRS make 1095-B and 1095-C reporting optional for 2014.]
Certain types of health coverage reimbursement arrangements (HRA) will fail the “market reforms” exposing the employer to a penalty of $100/day/employee. [Notice 2013-54 and IRS website] [In Notice 2015-17, IRS provided relief through 6/30/15; Congress provided relief through 12/31/16 (P.L. 114-255 (12/13/16))]
Excise tax on certain health insurance providers
Reg. 57.1, et seq. (TD 9643 (11/29/13))
Increase in estimated tax payments for large corporations (assets of $1 billion or more) due in July, August, or September 2014
Effective 2017
Increase in medical expense deduction threshold to 10% of AGI for individuals age 65 or older (applicable to other individuals starting in 2013)
Qualified Small Employer Health Reimbursement Arrangement allowed starting 1/1/17 [added by P.L. 114-255 (12/13/16))]
Effective 2018
Nondeductible 40% excise tax on high cost employer-sponsored health coverage (“Cadillac” plans) [postponed to 2020 by P.L. 114-113 (12/18/15)]

1 comment:

karl said...

Tax planning is a key to success for all type of business and it is carried out efficiently by accountants.